Tibet lies on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau of the southwest border of China. The average height of the whole region is more than 4,000 meters above sea level, for which Tibet is known as "Roof of the World". The highest peak of Tibet, also the highest in Himalayas and in the whole world, is Everest Peak, which is as high as 8,846.27 meters above sea level.
Although a part of China, Tibet has a unique culture of all there own. It is mainly inhabited by Tibetans, a minority nationality of old and mysterious people. Tourist attractions include the Potala Palace in Lhasa, Jokhang Temple, and a number of Buddhist sacred places.
Tibet (Xi Zang in Chinese) is to the south of Xin Jiang Uygur Autonomous Region and Qing Hai Province, to the west of Sichuan, to the northwest of Yunnan and to the north of India and Nepal. Its population of 2.3 million people come from a variety of ethnic groups including Tibetan, Han, Monba and Lhota. Its capital city is Lhasa.
Northwest Tibet, mainly Qing Hai plateau, is home to a variety of unusual and unique animals. Across the northern expanse of Tibet, you can see vast grasslands where horses, yak and sheep roam freely. The world’s lowest valley, the Grand Yarlun-tzanpo River Valley lies in east Tibet.
Nearly all Tibetans follow Tibetan Buddhism, known as Lamaism, with the exception of approximately 2,000 followers of Islam and 600 of Catholicism. Tibetan Buddhism was greatly influenced by Indian Buddhism in its early time, but after years of evolution, Tibetan Buddhism has developed its own distinctive qualities and practices. A well-known example is the belief that there is a Living Buddha, who is the reincarnation of the first, a belief alien to Chinese Buddhism.
It is freezing cold in most time of the year. Most tourists come to visit Tibet only in the warmest seasons, June, July, August and early September.
as it is known to us all,there are 55 minority groups in china,each with its traditional customs,costumes and culture.now let’s take a look at the tibetan minority.
the tibetan minority group live in qinghai,gansu,sichuan and yunnan province.and the highest ridge in the world─beautiful and mysterious tibet is their major habitat.as the fertilized prairie stretches around the habitants as far as the eyes can see,most people live on animal husbandry,raising sheep,goats,cattle and growing a special kind of plant called qingke.on account of the unique climate,people often wear warm and comfortable boots in winter,and they are always dressed in delicate robes which are made of the fur of sheep.often they take off one sleeve of the clothes and tie it around their waists in order to work easily and use it as warm quilts at night.
both men and women there like wearing silver ornaments,which look very mysterious and full of magical power.and they are good at singing and dancing,and the men there can have braids too.when they meet an important guest,they will present him or her a hada,a piece of long white silk cloth to show their respect.and they will also treat the guest to a special kind of drink called suyou tea,which some people find hard to enjoy.besides,the habitants have developed both their own written and spoken languages,and the long poems they wrote play an important role in chinese literature.and there are many well-protected culture relics as well,taking the grand budala palace as an example.it is a historical museum as well as an art treasury,where people can share their spirit belief in buddhism and get artistic entertainment of the carved paintings and the beautifully-written chirographies.
the tibetan ethnic group is also famous for its strange custom in funeral.thinking that the soul belongs to the sky after a person dies,they usually put the body on a platform outdoors,spray on it and wait the condors to come to eat the body.in this way,they believe the soul goes up to the sky.
the tibetan minority is brimming over with deep emotions.the people there are very zealous and hospitable and they live freely and happily on the spacious grassland.their history and culture contribute to the diversity of china,so we certainly should protect them and get them popularized and let them receive great respect they deserve.